Dental Issues in Adults

By | April 7, 2014

Dental issues happen because of bad oral hygiene. These issues can be prevented by brushing twice daily and flossing at least once daily.
Dental problems associated in adults include tooth decay, gum disease, sensitivity, oral cancer, bad breath, mouth sores and tooth erosion. We’ll discuss them each briefly.

1. Tooth decay
Tooth decay is a bacterial infection that destructs the tooth enamel. If the problem persists leads to loss of teeth.

Causes

  • Sugars in the food we eat combines with the teeth surface produces acids. These acids destroys the enamel on the surface which leads to develop dental decay.

Prevention

  • Rinsing the mouth after meal
  • Brushing twice daily and flossing
  • Chew sugarless gums to increase the flow of saliva removes the bacteria from mouth.
  • Dental cleaning by dentist for every 6 months

Treatment
Once tooth decay is formed, it can be treated by:

  • Filling the cavity
  • Root canal treatment
  • Removal of decayed teeth and placement of implant or crowns

2. Periodontal diseases
Periodontal diseases are infection surrounding the gum tissue. Gum diseases include gingivitis and periodontal disease. Gingivitis leads to periodontal diseases.

Causes

  • Poor oral hygiene.
  • Smoking
  • Clenching of teeth

Treatment

  • Can be treated by mouth washes
  • Removal of plaque by scaling is essential
  • If the problem is severe, surgery can be done to treat the problem.

3. Sensitivity
Sensitivity is the common problem we can seen in adults. It is the discomfort or pain when we take hot or cold items.

Causes:

  • Tooth decay
  • Fractured tooth
  • gum diseases
  • Destruction of enamel

Treatment:

  • Using desensitizing tooth pastes which blocks the nerves on the teeth.

4. Oral cancer
Oral cancer involves the formation of tumor on the oral cavity. Oral cancer affects gum, lips cheeks, tongue and the throat. The symptoms are the white spots on mouth and changes in the teeth structure, hard tumors in oral cavity.

Causes:

  • Using tobacco
  • Consumption of more alcohol
  • Prolonged exposure to radiation

Treatment

  • In early stages, It can be treated by surgery.
  • Radiation therapy

5. Bad breath
In medical terms, bad breath is termed as Halitosis. It is the bad odour from the mouth when speaking. It may cause discomfort in large gathering.

Causes

  • Improper brushing
  • dental diseases also cause bad breathing
  • Smoking
  • Dry mouth

Treatment:

  • Can be treated by using mouth fresheners
  • If the problem is due to any other dental problems visit dentist for treatment.

6. Mouth sores
Mouth sores are the wounds on lips, cheeks, etc. They are painless and do not hurt.

Causes:

  • Chewing tobacco
  • Biting of lips or cheeks.
  • Wearing braces
  • Hormonal changes
  • Vitamin deficiency

Treatment
Minor mouth sores can be treated at home by applying milk of magnesia, Hydrogen peroxide. If they last for more than 14 days visit dentist.

7. Tooth erosion
Tooth erosion is the damage to teeth which may be due the attack of acids on the surface of the teeth. It can lead to discoloration of teeth and sensitivity.

Treatment:
Tooth erosion can be controlled by avoiding the acidic foods, brushing twice daily, flossing and chewing sugar free gums.

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