Teeth grinding is one of the common sleep disorders. It is also known as bruxism. In most people, it is mild and a temporary condition. Bruxism in long run can damage the surfaces of the teeth and may even lead to temporomandibular joint problems like pain, dysfunction of jaw joint, etc. In this article, we will discuss about the causes and symptoms of teeth grinding. This article discusses causes and symptoms of symptooms of teeth grinding.
Causes of teeth grinding
The causes for teeth grinding are not agreed upon, but following can be the causes for the same:
- Teeth grinding is often associated with mental and psychological problems such as anxiety and stress. According to studies, about 70% of teeth grinding cases are a result of stress and anxiety that affects people when they are asleep. High levels of work can have significant impact on your sleep that causes sleep bruxism.
- Teeth grinding may be the side effect of certain medicines which includes psychotropic drugs as anti depressants and anti psychotics.
- Some factors regarding your lifestyle can also increases the chances of developing teeth grinding such as excessive alcohol, drinking caffeinated drinks in excess.
- Malocclusion problems such as abnormal alignment of teeth and jaw.
Finding the cause is an important step to find the cure and knowing the cause will point you towards treatment.
Treatment of teeth grinding
The treatment of teeth grinding depends on the cause for the same:
- Stress and anxiety: If teeth grinding problem is related to stress, you need to see a counselor or psychotherapist or need to adopt certain strategies that help you relax like exercising, meditation, etc. In addition, your dentist may also prescribe you certain medicines for short term use, which might help reduce teeth grinding.
- Dental problems: If teeth grinding is related to dental problems like misalignment of jaw and teeth, your dentist will correct this problem by directing you to the oral surgeon. Moreover, your dentist may also make mouth guards that help prevent further damage to your teeth.
- Medicines: If the cause for bruxism is the side effects of certain medicines, then you have several options to avoid this problem. Your doctor may switch you to different drug.