Impacted tooth is the tooth that fails to come out from the gum tissue completely. This is due to the lack of enough space for the teeth to come out.
Classification of impacted tooth
- Based on the position of tooth
- Based on the eruption of tooth
Based on the position of tooth: Based on the position of tooth, they are classified into mesial, distal, horizontal and vertical.
- Mesial impacted tooth is angled towards the front side of the mouth
- Distal impacted tooth is angled towards the rear side of the mouth
- Vertical impacted tooth is positioned normally
- Horizontal impacted tooth is angled onto the side of the adjacent tooth
Based on the eruption of tooth: Based on this, it is classified into soft tissue impaction and hard tissue impaction. In soft tissue impaction, the teeth is emerged from the bone but not from the gum tissue. In hard tissue impaction, the teeth is not emerged out from the jaw bone.
Symptoms of impacted tooth:
- Pain at the site of impacted tooth
- Inflammation at the site of jaw
- Bad odor from the mouth
How to diagnose?
There are no specific examinations to diagnose the presence of impacted tooth. This can be detected by the symptoms and by visual examination of the site. In some cases, x-rays are taken to examine the presence of impacted tooth.
What will happen if not extracted?
If the impacted teeth is not extracted, it may cause
- Tooth decay
- Formation of cysts
- Infection surround the gum tissue
- Swelling around the impacted tooth
How it is done?
- The extraction of impacted tooth starts with giving anesthesia to anesthetize the gum tissue around the area of impacted tooth so that the patient will not feel any pain during extraction.
- An incision is made over the gum tissue and some time jaw bone that covers the tooth.
- Then tooth is cut into small pieces to remove from the jaw.
- After removing, rinse the wound with saline water.
- Then gum tissue is stitched and gets dissolved in later days.
- Cotton gauze pad placed over the stitches to stop bleeding.
Any risks after surgery?
- Bleeding for about 24 hours
- Pain and inflammation at the wound
- Unable to move the jaw
- More recovery time
- Dry sockets (Inflammatory pain)