Heroin is a semi synthetic opioid drug and it is a depressant which slows down the function of the body and provides a sense of lowered anxiety. In some countries, heroin is available in controlled environments as a pain killer. Heroin can cause short term and long term effects on the body of person abusing the drug.
Short Term Effects:
Shortly after using heroin the person experiences a sense of euphoria which is created by the heroin binding to the opioid receptors. This rush gives a feeling of warmth and heaviness. After initial rush of the drug passes, users will enter a state of drowsiness combined with periods of wakefulness. Heroin also suppresses the central nervous system and users will experience cloudy thought patterns and slowed mental responses. Users of the drug experiences decrease in the breathing rate and their breathing can reach a point of respiratory failure.
Long Term Effects:
Addiction to the heroin can cause long term and serious health effects. Long term effects of the heroin on the persons who do not use sterile techniques when using the drug includes development of infections in the lining of the heart and heart valves. It also causes severe kidney diseases. Addiction to this drug may cause infections that in turn cause pulmonary complications and skin infections caused from collapsed veins when heroin is injected. This may also increase the risk of contracting HIV and other viruses.
Along with the above said long term and the short term effects, addiction to the heroin can also increase the chances of the user developing blood clots and blood vessel clogs. The vessels that are affected lead to the damage of liver, kidneys, brain and lungs.