Increasing number of drugs smuggling cases were registered year by year. This trend led to the burden of cases on existing judicial system. Hence to reduce the burden of drug abuse cases and to break the drug addiction and crime cycle, jurisdiction system has deployed drug courts and other diversion programs.
In Drug courts, non-adversarial and coordinated processing drug cases participants get full continuum of treatment services and they are subject to frequent urinalyses. After successfully completion of treatment an accused may be dropped from all charges.
First drug court was introduced in Miami in 1989. After this many drug courts were established in many places. More than 50 states including the District of Columbia, Northern Mariana Islands, and Puerto Rico etc. opened this type of drug courts.
According to the research report, these drug courts have reduced the recidivism by participants and result in cost savings. For example, in 2006 drug court showed 17 percent recidivism where as non-drug courts group showed 41 percent recidivism.
Hence, drug courts are the useful means to reduce drug abuse. They also reduced crime rate by 30 percent over 5 years and saved the county more than $79 million over 10 years.